Constructing (and deconstructing) our goals for the week: Prompt 5

Posted in prompts at 11:59 am by Dominique

Dear all,

For this coming week, Jennifer Paolino and Victoriane Liz will be our main bloggers. By Monday at midnight, they will respond to the prompt below in 500-550 words:

On Thursday in class we identified the following binary oppositions (*review pp. 110-11 in Bressler for an explanation of this concept*) in Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Spectacles”:

true love/love at first sight




inner beauty/outer beauty



For now, let’s focus on the second, seeing/blindness. This is actually a complicated way of framing the binary because when we think about how “seeing” and “blindness” have been valued in Western culture, blindness isn’t always a bad thing but is sometimes equated with wisdom (the blind sage)….nevertheless, let’s use this binary to guide us at this point.

The main bloggers should create a list of quotations of all moments from the story that have to do with the eyes, the gaze, seeing, etc. This list, which each blogger will compose separately, with some overlap and some items that may be unique, should be as thorough as possible. One early moment worth listing, for example, is this: “My eyes are large and gray; and although, in fact they are weak a very inconvenient degree, still no defect in this regard would be suspected from their appearance” (paragraph 4). *Indicating paragraphs will be clearer since various printed versions may contain different page numbers.

After composing their lists and reading them over our main bloggers will discuss the ways in which “seeing” seemed consistently undercut by blindness in the story. Is blindness, somehow, always at the heart of seeing? They will respond to this question in a paragraph below the list they’ve formed.

 Commentators for this week should respond to Jen and Victoriane’s posts in their own posts of 150-200 words by Wednesday at midnight. To extend the main bloggers’ deconstructionist readings, they should look back at the other questions about using deconstruction (there are about seven or so) on the bottom third of Thursday’s handout and apply them to Poe’s story.

Please note that we will only meet once this week. On Thursday, the campus is closed for Rosh Hashanah and the following Tuesday CUNY classes follow a Friday schedule. This means that after Tuesday we will not see each other in person again until Thursday, October 6th. By that point, you will have both started and finished Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Please plan ahead! Though we will not meet, we will still be keeping our blogging rhythm: Victoriane and Jen will “pass the torch” to two new main bloggers at the end of class on Tuesday, who will be responsible for posting a response to the first section of Conrad’s story by the following Monday at midnight; commentators will be expected to respond by the usual deadline, in this case Wednesday 10/5 at midnight,  as well.

I recognize that deconstruction is the most difficult lens we have attempted to grasp thus far and that we did not get very far with it on Thursday.  Know that our discussion of Conrad’s text (and the critical readings that will accompany it) will help to clarify the aims and uses of this method; deconstruction will be the primary lens on our radar through October 6th. So, if you still feel mystified by it, fear not. Keep up with the readings and posts and things will fall into place.

As always, I am available via email before we meet next for questions. (On a related note, a response to Mendoza’s question about “the sign” during Thursday’s class has just been on the Q&A page on our blog.)

Have a great weekend and see you on Tuesday,


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  1.    jenn691 said,

    September 24, 2011 at 3:13 pm

    This story “The Spectacles” is a hunerous story about love at first sight which is very unusual for Edgar Allen Poew to write about. Reading this story, there are many questions that arise that make you think about the true concept of both true love and infatuation and the fact of seeing and being blinded by what you are seeing through hear say. He BELIEVES that this woman is beautiful through her gracefullness and her figure. This is shown in a quote from the story in the 7th paragraph, second sentence. It states, “The face was so far turned toward the stage that, for some minutes, I could not obtain a view of it — but the form was divine; no other word can sufficiently express its magnificent proportion.” This is a solidifying perception of love at first sight and he knows of her beauty by asking others around him who state that she is the most beautiful prima donna and the gracefullness and the divine look throughout her performance.
    In the following paragraphs to come, the blindness versus actually seeing the woman is further personified. “The head of which only the back was visible, rivalled in outline that of the Greek Psyche, and was rather displayed than concealed by an elegant cap of gaze aerienne, which put me in mind of the ventum textilem of Apuleius” a line from the 8th oaragraph specifically states that he KNOWS she’s beattiful, but cannot actually SEE her beauty since he can only see the back of her head and her perfectly framed posture and sillhouette. He contunues to gaze and become wonderstruck by this figure that he has never met or for that metter has never seen. He begins to ask people around him of their knowing of her, and tried to ask his friend to introduce him to her since he does have knowing of her but he eventually leaves town without informing him of this, so he is left to fend for himself with his introduction
    “I gazed at this queenly apparition for at least half an hour, as if I have been suddenly converted to stone; and, during this period, I felt the full force and truth of all that has been said or sung concerning “love at first sight.” This is the first sentence of the 9th paragraph and where the beginning of my main horizon of expectation occurs. Here, He goes into full detail of his gaze and admiration for the woman he has never seen, but is undoubtly sure that he is in love with her and a victim of love at first sight. To be in love at first sight especially when you haven’t even have had a first full sight of her is a pure epitome of blindness and how seeing is undercut by blindness in this story. He begins to state how he is literally blinded by love in a few sentences following in the 9th paragraph, “I saw — I felt — I knew that I was deeply, madly, irrevocably in love — and this even before seeing the face of the person beloved.” He gets his first true sight and full profile of her face when there is a disturbance in the audience which makes her turn around and share a glace with him, at the start of the 10th paragraph where his love for her increases, and asks his friend Talbot to borrow his spectables (opera glass) to get a true vision of her and for him to introduce him to her tomorrow.
    Though Talbot never returned, Simpson finally got to meet her and writing her few letters. Another turning point or horizon of expectation occurred in one of her responses when she told him that she denied he loved her, but it was more of an infatuation and the he did not know enough about her to be in love. As stated specifically, she told him ” She bade me remember that I really even know not who she was — what were her prospects, her connections, her standing in society. She begged me, but with a sigh, to reconsider my proposal, and termed my love an infatuation.” Through this request, he had the pleasure and got to know her better and establish a deeper connection with the woman of his dreams starting with the age descrepency.
    From here on, the transition has been made from blinded by love at first sight and infatuation to experiencing and developing his love for Madame as his love and knowing of her becomes fully in sight. This was the binary opposition of the transition of seeing and blindness. Blindness, especially in this story, is considered the heart of seeing, especially for one that believes in love at first sight. Love at first sight always starts off by being blinded infatuation and due to the love and infatuation you have formed, further developing it into TRUE love and the act of actually seeing and experiencing. Blindness for love at first sight is the heart of seeing because it is the first step of true love. For me personally, I do not believe in true love because I do obtain it to be only an infatuation at first and you are not truly in love until a personal connection has been made.

  2.    victoriane said,

    September 24, 2011 at 10:03 pm

    The story The Spectacles by Edgar Allen Poe contains many binary oppositions. One very important binary opposition is, “seeing/blindness.” In this story it seems “seeing is consistently being weaken by “blindness.” The author makes many points of this throughout the story. In paragraph 4 he states, “My eyes are large and gray; and although, in fact they are weak a very inconvenient degree, still no defect in this regard would be suspected from their appearance.” In that line he is saying that although his eyes do not function properly (he literally cant see well) people do not notice that. To him it is more important that people do not notice he can’t see than for him to see at all.
    Being able to see is undercut by blindness in paragraph 8; “The head of which only the back was visible, rivalled in outline that of the Greek Psyche, and was rather displayed than concealed by an elegant cap of gaze aerienne, which put me in mind of the ventum textilem of Apuleius.” Napoleon is telling us he could only See her figure from behind but already he was Blinded by her beauty in which he could not See. In paragraph 9 he says, “I gazed at this queenly apparition for at least an hour, as if I had been suddenly converted to stone.” In this line Napoleon is saying he was staring at something that seemed like a ghost, still he is not Seeing this woman but is blinded by her beauty. In the same paragraph we reach a very important horizon of expectation when he says; “I saw — I felt — I knew that I was deeply, madly, irrevocably in love — and this even before seeing the face of the person beloved.” Here we are reminded Napoleon is madly in love with a figure that is unreal to him because his eyes wont let him See her but he is blinded by love and it won’t let him See any different.
    The Spectacles reminds the reader that blindness is somehow, always at the heart of seeing. Edgar Allen Poe does this by reassuring the reader that Napoleon is blindly in love with this woman and can’t literally see her or anything past that. For example; in paragraph 16 he states; “After some minutes, as if by curiosity to see if I was still looking, she gradually brought her face again around and again encountered my burning gaze.” They were not able to See each other very well, and had to keep catching other by sight whenever it was possible but still that Blindness surpass what they were able to See. In that same paragraph he also states, “But what was my astonishment at perceiving that she not only did not a second time avert her head, but that she actually took her girdle a double eyeglass–elevated it–adjusted–and then regarded me through it, intently and deliberately, for the space of several minutes.” The woman was also taking a double look at Napoleon and they were both Seeing each other.
    This story was very interesting to read, and it contained many horizon expectations which kept the reader on his/her toes. This reading could have easily been used as a transactional experience because of the way the Edgar Allen Poe describe every detail about the story. The binary setup of seeing/blindness can be tricky because in the story Seeing seems to undermine Blindness. Napoleon blindness is always at the heart of the way he perceives things, whether it is true or not. His ability to See is Blinded by the beauty he see in the woman.

  3.    Dominique said,

    September 26, 2011 at 5:55 pm

    Jennifer and Victoriane,
    You’re starting to get the hang of reading like deconstructionist critics! The moment you’ve both picked out in which Simpson describes staring at the back of the head of his “beloved” is especially telling because though his gaze is fixed on her, there’s no face to face connection–the irony of the fact that he’s staring at the back of her head undercuts his praise of her beauty and the very nature of his infatuation with her. These destabilizing moments are ones that we’re generally looking for when we read as deconstructionists.
    Keep in mind that language like “horizon of expectation” and the notion of the text as a “transactional experience” belong to the realm of reader-oriented criticism. They are useful as a way of reading the text, and can be combined with a deconstructionist reading as you’re starting to do here, though we may want more practice with each lens separately before we start combining them (which will happen later in the semester).

    To the commentators whose remarks will follow,
    Try to use your 150-200 words to continue the project Jennifer and Victoriane have started by typing out one quotation directly from the text and describing why it pokes a hole in the notion of “love at first sight” or inverts a standard binary, emphasizing “blindness” over “sight,” “lust” over “love,” “outer beauty” over “inner beauty,” etc.

    Looking forward to seeing you tomorrow,

  4.    emina said,

    September 28, 2011 at 1:43 pm

    In order to deconstruct a reading, we must interpret the text and believe that it is the truth or it is has an aspect of the truth. In Edgar Allan Poe’s story “The Spectacles” there are many binary oppositions that arise. As the main bloggers Jennifer and Victoriane point out, the main one seemed to be “seeing/blindness”. The story talks about a young man who falls in love with a woman, but because he can not see clearly without his glasses he falls in love blindly, he falls in love with what he thinks he sees and not whats really in front of him.
    Jennifer and Victoriane point out that he was seeing at the same time as he was blinded. Meaning that he did see certain aspects of this woman through a very blurry vision but he could not see her face. He did see her body, as he even admits, “The necromancy of female gracefulness– was always a power which I had found it impossible to resist, but here was grace personified, incarnate, the beau ideal of my wildest and most enthusiastic visions”. In this quote he is admitting to liking the female body and that is what grabs his attention. He was blinded by the fact that he did not see her completely, but at the same time he did see certain parts of her.
    One quote that I thought inverted the concept of “Love at first sight” was the last sentence in the story. “…and am never to be met without spectacles”. He is saying that he will never meet someone without glasses and fall in love but yet in a way that kills the notion of what love at first sight stands for. It means that the first time you lay eyes on someone you automatically fall in love. This is a contradictory theory that Poe states.

  5.    amark916 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 2:17 pm

    I enjoyed reading the Spectacles by Edgar Allan Poe. Poe brings to the forefront the idea of “love at first sight.” Napoleon who is the main character thinks he is in love with this gorgeous woman at the first sight of her. The only problem is that Napoleon has bad eyes and because of his vanity he refuses to wear spectacles like he should. When he finally wears the spectacles, he is in major disgust to find out that the woman, who he thought he was in love with, actually looks like a very elderly and aged woman. When he first puts the spectacles on he says “Goodness gracious me!” I exclaimed, almost at the very instant that the rim of the spectacles had settled upon my nose-“My goodness gracious me!-why, what can be the matter with these glasses?” and taking them off, I wiped them carefully with a silk handkerchief, and adjusted them again. Napoleon being the vain guy that he is actually thinks something is wrong with the glasses. His pride will not let him believe that he has made this horrific error. Poe is poking at two things. He is showing the reader that there is a glitch in the matrix of “love at first sight” and he is showing us that sometimes we can have pride to fault. The binary opposition here is true love/love at first sight. Napoleon could not possibly have had true love with this person that he barely knows and when he is finally able to see her, the possibility of love at first sight is gone. Another binary opposition that comes into play is Sight/Blindness. If he had only worn his spectacles, he would have been able to see that she was not this beautiful eye candy that he believed her to be. He would not have been blinded by this apparition.

  6.    GordonWTam said,

    September 28, 2011 at 5:59 pm

    As I reread the story I couldn’t help but be entranced by what Victoriane said. “The Spectacles reminds the reader that blindness is somehow, always at the heart of seeing.” describes the particular binary of which we are concentrated on and I thought that phrase was perfect for summing it up. This binary opposition is repeatedly used in the story and the particular example I will use is when Napoleon is “imbued” with her love so much he can basically “see” her singing. First saying “I was thus deprived of the pleasure of seeing, although not of hearing, her sing.” and then even after admitting he couldn’t see who was singing, he says this. “It is beyond the reach of art to endow either air or recitative with more impassioned expression than was hers.” He sees her impassioned expression? Not bloody likely. But still, the binary opposition of seeing/blindness is accompanied by love at first sight/true love. He can’t see her yet he’s still convinced he sees her expression still blind to the fact that this person isn’t his “beloved”. This and other examples set up a certain horizon of expectation quite nicely, and that’s the anticipation that she may not be who she seems to be.

  7.    nadiab said,

    September 28, 2011 at 7:21 pm

    Edgar Allan Poe’s, “The Spectacles” gives an amusing approach to the phrase “love at first sight”. One can believe that Poe is trying to make fun at the phrase and to show that it isn’t all what it seems. Usually, “love at first sight” sets a sort of positive tone for the rest of a story resulting in a pleasant ending. However, with “The Spectacles”, “love at first sight” starts of well but leads to an unfortunate event for the story’s main character, Napoleon. The phrase seems to be mocking Napoleon in the end of the story. However, even though it may seem unfortunate for Napoleon, it seems that he has learned a valuable lesson. “Never to be met without Spectacles” (last paragraph of story).
    In “The Spectacles”, seeing is weakened by blindness. This is apparent in the seventh paragraph of the story. It states, “The face was so far turned toward the stage that, for some minutes, I could not obtain a view of it – but the form was divine; no other word can sufficiently express its magnetic proportion”. Here, Napoleon didn’t have a view of the woman’s face, but because of his blindness, the form of the woman was divine.
    Outer beauty outweighs inner beauty as well in the story. This is evident in the fourth paragraph. Napoleon states, “The weakness itself, however, has always much annoyed me, and I have resorted to every remedy—short of wearing glasses. Being youthful and good looking, I naturally dislike these, and have resolutely refused to wear them”. In this line, Napoleon is aware that his eyes are not well, but he refuses to wear them because it would lessen his youthful appearance.
    Towards the end of the story when Napoleon puts on his spectacles, this is where “love at first sight” starts to deteriorate. He says, “In the first instance, there had occurred something which occasioned me surprised, in the second, this surprise became elevated into astonishment; and this astonishment was profound—was extreme-indeed I say horrific”. Napoleon is at first surprised by his first actual sight of the woman. He becomes right away horrified by what he sees. “Love at first sight” is no more due to him wearing his spectacles.

  8.    jruiz104 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 8:33 pm

    Jose Ruiz
    English 170W

    “The Spectacles” by Edgar Allan Poe talks about Napoleon falling in love with a woman at first sight. He goes on and explains how beautiful she is. I agree with Jennifer and Victoriane point that he was blinded because he couldn’t see without his glasses. Napoleon thought he found the love of his life and it turn out to be an old woman. Napoleons realize this when he put back on his glasses and still he couldn’t believe what he was seeing. He thought he had seen a ghost because he took the glasses and wiped them carefully with a silk handkerchief, and adjusted them again. The last sentence of the story he said “I am done with billets doux and am never to be met without Spectacles.” In my opinion, Napoleon will never find love at first sight if he goes on not wearing his glasses as he supposed to in one’s everyday life.

  9.    marissae17 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 9:14 pm

    Many people don’t believe in love at first sight, mainly because they feel that in order to be “in love” you need to physically know the other person and be interested in their life, needs and wants. Poe’s “The Spectacles”, puts a different spin on the thought of “love at first sight”, in the sense that as soon as Napolean physically saw Madame Lalande, he was everything but in love. I believe that the binary opposition of seeing vs. blindness is in fact one of the more dominant ones in the list we made because it deals with the battle of Napolean’s “love” for her when he is “blind” and has not yet seen her face versus “seeing” when he realizes what a fool he has been. I agree with Jenn when she quotes the line from the 8th paragraph. This quote clearly states both sides of the binary opposition in the way of Napolean thinks he is in love when he does not know her or cannot see her.

  10.    terrylghong said,

    September 28, 2011 at 9:35 pm

    I am trying to answer one of the questions from the handout to understand what deconstruction is.
    If you reverse the elements that make up each binary, can you challenge the value system that was assumed in the original binary?

    There are two important binaries in this story. The first one is Sight/Blindness. If I reverse this binary which is Napoleon the main character are able to see clearly in the beginning, it will change the whole story dramatically. Being able to see in my opinion is the first requirement to know whether you love someone or not. In the story, Napoleon fell in love with the opera singer not because of her pretty face but her beautiful singing and his imagination of everything of her. He was fascinated by her and built up their relationship.
    The second binary is true love/ love at first sight. As I mentioned before, you need to see in order to find a true love. Also it requires time. Without knowing each other or their background from the past, they fell in love with each other. They need to adopt any change for example age difference to consider as a true love, otherwise it is not going to work out.

  11.    beezy said,

    September 28, 2011 at 10:42 pm

    ‘The Spectacles’ by Edgar Allan Poe puts a comedic twist on the ever-popular phrases “love at first sight”, and “love is blind”. Although two different ideas altogether, they seem to compliment one another very well in the story. Napoleon was indeed blinded, but was it the love that had done it to him, or rather his refusal to put on his glasses? In the 21st paragraph, he says “In the mad intensity of my devotion, I forgot everything but the presence and the majestic loveliness of the vision which confronted my gaze”. Without clear eyesight, his sheer infatuation for his “Goddess”, builds this desire up into what he believes is true love. Seeing and Blindness are certainly binary in this story. Once he sees his dream-woman for the very first time with the aid of his spectacles, he is appalled at what his vision is bestowing upon him. So in this sense, very comically, love is indeed blind, for once he saw CLEARLY what the object of his affection was for the first time, Napoleon was no longer in love. More than anything, I believe it to be a myth. Much like Jenn said, “you are not truly in love until a personal connection has been made.”, and I found it amusing how Poe played with such concepts within this story. Moral of the story, get your vision checked from time to time before falling in and out of love with an apparition.

    -Enes Mrkulic

  12.    joshuak314 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 10:52 pm

    Jen and Victorian did a good job deconstructing the text. They pointed out the major parts of the story where seeing seemed to be undercut by blindness. All the things Napoleon seems to see he is actually not really seeing. Not only are his physical observations false but also his moral observations as well. The way he views and lives in the world seem to be that of a spoiled rich kid who grew up getting everything he wanted. Not only does he himself see importance and value in outward appearances and physical things (like money), he believes everyone else does as well. From the beginning of the story we know that Napoleon is blind to what truly is important in this world. He gives up his family name for an inheritance and he finds utmost importance in outward appearances. His blindness is alluded to throughout the whole story. One specific instance is when he remarks on Madame Lalande’s singing. He says “In the final of the Somnambula, she brought about a most remarkable effect at the words:
    Ah! Non guinge uman peniero
    Al contento ond ‘io piena.”
    This translates to “Ah! Don’t include human thoughts” and “I’m full of waves of content”
    These two lines show exactly who he himself is feeling and experiencing. He is not thinking but is being driven solely by emotions. The next line of this aria which he does not say is A’ miei sensi io credo appena which translates to “I just barely believe my senses.” If we continued with the notion that the aria describes Napoleon, this line would complete it. Although in this instance it means that, that’s how great the emotions are, its so great that one can barely believe their senses, but in Napoleon’s case we can take it literally. His actual physical senses are to be doubted. Omitting this line shows that he is ignorant to his blindness because of his emotions. He doesn’t realize that he has never really seen Madame Lalande, what he thinks she looks like is a figment of his imagination.

  13.    brianfinnerty91 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 11:19 pm

    “The Spectacles” tells a tale about love at first sight. Throughout Poe’s comedic story Napoleon Buonaparte, the main character, talks about how madly in love he is with a woman named Madame Lalande who he never even met before. At the end of the story however he finally realizes how old she actually is. From this experience he acknowledges that it is not smart to fall in love with someone at first sight. Even though the story is about love at first sight the true meaning of the story kind of takes a poke at the misinterpretations of this love at first sight between Buonaparte and Lalande. Towards the end of the story Buonaparte states “I am done forever with billets doux and a m never to be met without SPECTACLES”. This line at the end of the story shows the readers that the main meaning behind Poe’s story is to fall in love with someone at first sight is risky because you may know how the person looks like from the outside but you don’t know what he or she is on the inside. In Victoriane’s post she talks about the main binary oppositions in “The Spectacles”. I like how she brought up the main opposition between seeing and blindness. Sometimes our feelings get in the way of our reality and what we truly believe in. I believe Buonaparte’s feelings inside got in the way of what he actually saw. He was all caught up in what she looked like from far away and was just settled on that.
    -Brian Finnerty

  14.    kocampo100 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 11:28 pm

    This week’s prompt was very interesting for me. I think both Jenn and Victoriane had very valid points with deconstructing the text. I don’t want to sound repetative and just reiterate their analysis. I’m just going to add another quote to go along with the lust vs love, outer beauty vs inner beauty binary opposition. The very last line in the text “In conclusion: I am done forever with billets doux and am never to be met without SPECTACLES.” This to me sums up the entire theme. He obviously fell in “in lust” rather than in love with Madame Lalande which seemed really superficial. His spectacles helped him see what was real. He immediately changed his mind, this showed that vanity was much more important to him rather than loving someone beyond the physical aspects. He exclaimed that he was done with billets doux which I looked up means love letter, he learned his lesson and I guess will forget about love at first sight.

  15.    seng101 said,

    September 28, 2011 at 11:38 pm

    One major binary I felt was very prevalent in the story “The Spectacles” was in and outer beauty. I found it very interesting that in the beginning of the story the narrator tells the readers about his status in society and also more importantly his own facial features. The main character Napoleon even goes as far as to talk about his disgust for wearing glasses in paragraph four by saying, “I know nothing, indeed, which so disfigures the countenance of a young person.” With that attitude toward beauty he wasn’t able to see anyone’s inner beauty, literally. His infatuation as stated in paragraph nine of the story “I saw – I felt – I knew that I was deeply, madly, irrevocably in love” with Lalande at the opera house gave him no chance to understand who she was. He rushed through the process of understanding Lalande’s inner beauty that he ended up having a fake marriage over it.

  16.    awilliams108 said,

    September 29, 2011 at 1:05 am

    The binary of this story that i felt was the phase and title “The Spectacles” love/lust and inner beauty/outta beauty. Jenn and Victoriane had it pretty clear and straight forward but what i don’t understand, he couldnt see how old she was. I notice that in this short story essay there was a lot of quotes made,”The most natural, and, consequently, the truest and most intense of the human affections are those which arise in the heart as if by electric sympathy”, meaning that it doesnt matter how we all look as humans, its what’s in the heart and how we feel about that person. He wasnt sure to be seeing other people inner beauty and the way how they feel about themselves with love. This glasses helped him see what’s real, fake and rather than physical appearances.

  17.    cass88163 said,

    September 29, 2011 at 1:45 am

    In Victoriane’s post she quoted “The head of which only the back was visible, rivalled in outline that of the Greek Psyche, and was rather displayed than concealed by an elegant cap of gaze aerienne, which put me in mind of the ventum textilem of Apuleius.” Napoleon is telling us he could only See her figure from behind but already he was Blinded by her beauty in which he could not see”. I thought the most substantial binary opposition is True Love/love at first sight. Napoleon truly believes that he has fallen in love at first sight; however, it is completely absurd for him to feel that way because it is impossible, in his case, to fall in love at first sight when he is almost blinded. If he could not visually see this woman then it is infeasible for him to be in love with her; therefore “love at first sight” can not truly be applied to Napoleon, and obviously neither can True Love. I now believe that the most prudent binary opposition relatable to the text is seeing/blindness. When Napoleon finally saw the woman he was so called in love with he was in dis belief. He then felt as though his Spectacles were important to him “…and am never to be met without spectacles”.

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